Lörz, A.; Kilgallen, N.; Thiel, M. (2010). Algal-dwelling Eophliantidae (Amphipoda): description of a new species and key to the world species, with notes on their biogeography. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 90(5): 1055-1063.
Algal-dwelling Eophliantidae (Amphipoda): description of a new species and key to the world species, with notes on their biogeography
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Published online, December 2009.
Available for editors
Eophliantidae are poorly studied marine algal-dwelling amphipods with a wide distribution. A new species was found to excavate burrows across the main stem of Carpophyllum maschalocarpum (Turner) Grev. in the New Zealand subtidal, and a detailed morphological description of this amphipod is given. Bircenna macayai sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Bircenna species by a combination of the following characters: bilobed coxa 1, merus and carpus of pereopods 5–7 strongly extended posteriorly, crenulate basis of pereopod 7 and smooth posterior margin of epimeron 3, pereopod 7 basis longer than wide. A key to the fourteen world species of Eophliantidae is provided. Taxonomy, evolutionary sequences, functional morphology and biogeography of the Eophliantidae are briefly discussed. New Zealand and Australian shallow waters show the highest species diversity of Eophliantidae, containing both species bearing plesiomorphic and highly derived characters, suggesting that Australasia is an evolutionary centre for this amphipod family.