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RAS source details

Coats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C. (2009). Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
141212
Coats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C.
2009
Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.)
Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.
Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Publication
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The ciliates represent a ubiquitous group of protists with representatives inhabiting most marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats (Corliss 1979). Their small size, rapid reproductive rate, and ability to form desiccation-resistant resting stages ensure easy dispersal of species and colonization of suitable habitats (Fenchel and Finlay 2004). Ciliates occur from the poles to the tropics and from alpine regions to the deep sea. They survive in extreme environments, including hot springs, hypersaline lakes, and desert settings, with many species adapted to anaerobic conditions. Free-living species can be found swimming in the water column, living within interstices of flocculent sediment or tidal sands, attached to hard or soft substrates, and creeping along soil particles or epiphytic mosses. Symbiotic and parasitic species live in association with a wide variety of hosts, including other protists, planktonic and benthic invertebrates, reptiles, fish, and mammals. Most ciliates feed on bacteria, microalgae, or other protists; however, some are photosynthetic, and others consume host tissues. Ciliates are generally viewed as playing pivotal roles in microbial food webs, as they regenerate nutrients through excretion (Caron and Goldman 1990) and transform bacterial and microalgal biomass into larger particles that are easily exploited by metazoan grazers (Azam et al. 1983, Stoecker and Capuzzo 1990, Gifford 1991). The number of ciliate species inhabiting the biosphere is uncertain, but estimates range as high as 30,000 (Foissner 1999), with about 7,200 species being formally described (Corliss 1979). Of these, a relatively small percentage has been reported from the Gulf of Mexico.
Gulf of Mexico
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2016-07-31 09:31:44Z
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Aspidisca aculeata (Ehrenberg, 1838) Kahl, 1932 (basis of record)
Aspidisca polypoda (Dujardin, 1841) (additional source)
Chaenea teres (Dujardin, 1841) Kent, 1881 (additional source)
Codonellopsis pusilla (Cleve) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Colpoda aspera Kahl, 1926 (basis of record)
Condylostoma granulosum Bullington, 1940 (additional source)
Condylostoma remanei Spiegel, 1928 (additional source)
Cyclidium glaucoma Möller (additional source)
Dadayiella ganymedes (Entz, 1884) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (additional source)
Diophrys appendiculata (Ehrenberg, 1838) Schewiakoff, 1893 (additional source)
Diophrys scutum (Dujardin, 1841) Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Dysteria calkinsi Kahl, 1931 (basis of record)
Epiplocylis undella (Ostenfeld & Schmidt) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Euplotes balteatus Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Euplotes vannus (Müller, 1786) Minkjewicz, 1901 (basis of record)
Halteria grandinella (Müller, 1773) Dujardin, 1840 (additional source)
Laboea strobila Lohmann, 1908 (additional source)
Lacrymaria lagenula Claparède & Lachmann, 1858 (additional source)
Litonotus lamella Schewiakoff, 1896 (additional source)
Lohmanniella oviformis Leegaard, 1915 (additional source)
Mesodinium pulex Claparède & Lachmann, 1858 (additional source)
Myrionecta rubra Lohmann, 1908 accepted as Mesodinium rubrum (Lohmann, 1908) (additional source)
Parafolliculina amphora Dons, 1914 (additional source)
Pleuronema coronatum Kent, 1881 (additional source)
Protorhabdonella curta Cleve, 1900 (additional source)
Protorhabdonella simplex (Cleve) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Rhabdonella amor (Cleve, 1899) Brandt, 1907 (additional source)
Strombidium elongatum (Leegaard, 1915) Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Strombidium sulcatum Claparède & Lachmann, 1859 (additional source)
Strombidium tintinnodes Entz, 1884 (additional source)
Tetrahymena pyriformis (Ehrenberg, 1830) (basis of record)
Tintinnopsis buetschlii Daday, 1887 (additional source)
Tintinnopsis lobiancoi Daday, 1887 (additional source)
Uronema acutum Buddenbrock, 1920 (additional source)
Uronychia transfuga (O.F. Müller, 1786) Stein, 1859 (additional source)
Xystonella acus (Brandt) Laackmann, 1910 (additional source)
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