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WoRMS taxon details

Phalacroma Stein, 1883

109466  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109466)

accepted
Genus
Oxyphysis Kofoid, 1926 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Species Phalacroma acutum (F.Schütt) Pavillard, 1916
  2. Species Phalacroma alata E.J.F.Wood, 1954
  3. Species Phalacroma apicatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  4. Species Phalacroma biceps (Schiller) Schiller, 1933
  5. Species Phalacroma bipartitum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  6. Species Phalacroma blackmanii Murray & Whitting, 1899
  7. Species Phalacroma circumcinctum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  8. Species Phalacroma circumsutum Karsten, 1907
  9. Species Phalacroma complanatum Gaarder, 1954
  10. Species Phalacroma cuneolus Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  11. Species Phalacroma cuneus F.Schütt, 1895
  12. Species Phalacroma dens Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  13. Species Phalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899
  14. Species Phalacroma doryphorides Dangeard
  15. Species Phalacroma doryphorum Stein, 1883
  16. Species Phalacroma elongatum E.G.Jørgensen, 1923
  17. Species Phalacroma equalanti (E.Balech) Y.B.Okolodkov, 2014
  18. Species Phalacroma expulsum (Kofoid & Michener) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  19. Species Phalacroma favus Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  20. Species Phalacroma fimbriatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  21. Species Phalacroma giganteum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  22. Species Phalacroma globulus F.Schütt, 1895
  23. Species Phalacroma hindmarchii Murray & Whitting, 1899
  24. Species Phalacroma jibbonense Wood, 1954
  25. Species Phalacroma lativelatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  26. Species Phalacroma latum Gaarder, 1954
  27. Species Phalacroma lens Kofoid & Skogsberg
  28. Species Phalacroma lenticulum Kofoid, 1907
  29. Species Phalacroma limbatum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  30. Species Phalacroma mawsonii Wood, 1954
  31. Species Phalacroma minutum Cleve, 1900
  32. Species Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895
  33. Species Phalacroma modestum Böhm
  34. Species Phalacroma monacanthum Gail, 1950
  35. Species Phalacroma okamurai Pavillard
  36. Species Phalacroma operculatum Stein, 1883
  37. Species Phalacroma ornamentatum Esqueda-Lara & Hernández-Becerril, 2017
  38. Species Phalacroma ovatum (Claparède & Lachmann) Jorgensen, 1923
  39. Species Phalacroma ovum Schütt, 1895
  40. Species Phalacroma oxytoxoides (Kofoid) F.Gomez, P.Lopez-Garcia & D.Moreira, 2011
  41. Species Phalacroma palmatum Esqueda-Lara & Hernández-Becerril, 2017
  42. Species Phalacroma paulseni J.Schiller, 1928
  43. Species Phalacroma porodictyum Stein, 1883
  44. Species Phalacroma porosum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  45. Species Phalacroma praetextum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  46. Species Phalacroma protuberans Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  47. Species Phalacroma pugiunculus Jorgensen, 1923
  48. Species Phalacroma pulchrum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  49. Species Phalacroma pyriforme Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928
  50. Species Phalacroma rapa Jorgensen, 1923
  51. Species Phalacroma reticulatum Kofoid, 1907
  52. Species Phalacroma richardii Pavillard
  53. Species Phalacroma robustum Gaarder
  54. Species Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & J.R.Michener, 1911
  55. Species Phalacroma rudgei Murray & Whitting, 1899
  56. Species Phalacroma rugosum Gaarder, 1954
  57. Species Phalacroma scrobiculatum (Balech) Díaz-Ramos & G.J. Estrella, 2000
  58. Species Phalacroma sphaeroideum J.Schiller, 1928
  59. Species Phalacroma stenopterygium Jörgensen
  60. Species Phalacroma striatum Kofoid, 1907
  61. Species Phalacroma tuberculatum G.I. Gail, 1959
  62. Species Phalacroma turbineum Kofoid & Michener, 1911
  63. Species Phalacroma vastiforme Tai & Skogsberg, 1934
  64. Species Phalacroma vastum Schutt, 1895
  65. Species Phalacroma whiteleggei E.J.F.Wood, 1954
  66. Species Phalacroma argus F.Stein, 1883 accepted as Dinophysis argus (Stein) Abé (synonym)
  67. Species Phalacroma contractum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1973 (synonym)
  68. Species Phalacroma cornuta N.Peters, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  69. Species Phalacroma dolichopterygium Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895 (synonym)
  70. Species Phalacroma dolichopterygium Murray & Whitting, 1899 accepted as Phalacroma dolychopterygium G.Murray & Whitting, 1899 (synonym)
  71. Species Phalacroma ebriola Herdman, 1924 accepted as Sinophysis ebriola (Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
  72. Species Phalacroma ebriolum Lebour, 1925 accepted as Sinophysis ebriola (Herdman) Balech, 1956 (synonym)
  73. Species Phalacroma groenlandicum J.Schiller, 1931 accepted as Dinophysis groenlandica (J.Schiller) Balech, 1967
  74. Species Phalacroma hastatum Pavillard accepted as Dinophysis hastata F.Stein, 1883
  75. Species Phalacroma irregulare Lebour, 1925 accepted as Dinophysis irregularis (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (basionym)
  76. Species Phalacroma kofoidii Herdman, 1924 accepted as Thecadinium kofoidii (Herdman) J.Schiller, 1931 (synonym)
  77. Species Phalacroma lacrima Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis lacrima (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  78. Species Phalacroma longialatum Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Latifascia longialata (Gaarder) Hernández-Becerril, 2023
  79. Species Phalacroma mucronatum Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
  80. Species Phalacroma nasutum Stein, 1883 accepted as Dinophysis nasuta (Stein) Parke & Dixon, 1968
  81. Species Phalacroma odiosum Pavillard, 1930 accepted as Dinophysis odiosa (Pavillard) Tai & Skogsberg, 1934 (synonym)
  82. Species Phalacroma operculoides F.Schütt, 1895 accepted as Dinophysis operculoides (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  83. Species Phalacroma parvulum (Schütt) Jörgensen, 1923 accepted as Dinophysis parvula (Schütt) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  84. Species Phalacroma paulsenii Schiller, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis mucronata (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Sournia, 1973 (synonym)
  85. Species Phalacroma pirum Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Latifascia pirum (Gaarder) Hernández-Becerril, 2023
  86. Species Phalacroma pulchellum Lebour, 1922 accepted as Dinophysis pulchella (Lebour) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  87. Species Phalacroma ruudii Braarud, 1935 accepted as Dinophysis contracta (Kofoid & Skogsberg) Balech, 1973 (synonym)
  88. Species Phalacroma spinata N. Peters, 1928 accepted as Dinophysis cornuta (N.Peters) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  89. Species Phalacroma symmetricum Gaarder, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis symmetrica (Gaarder) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  90. Species Phalacroma thompsonii E.J.F.Wood, 1954 accepted as Dinophysis thompsonii (E.J.F.Wood) Balech, 1967 (synonym)
  91. Species Phalacroma triangulare E.J.F.Wood accepted as Dinophysis triangulare (E.J.F.Wood) Balech
  92. Species Phalacroma ultima Kofoid, 1907 accepted as Dinofurcula ultima (Kofoid) Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 (synonym)
  93. Species Phalacroma braarudii O. Nordli, 1951 (uncertain)
marine
Not documented
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Phalacroma Stein, 1883. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109466 on 2024-05-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-07 08:49:35Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-01-16 23:07:31Z
changed
2018-10-24 06:34:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kofoid, C.A.; Skogsberg, T. (1928). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. [No.] XXXV. The Dinoflagellata: the Dinophysoidae. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass.</em> 51: 1-766., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4365822 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6125 [details]

From other sources
Synonymy Gómez (2005) says that Phalacromahas been considered a synonym of Dinophysis but the genus is maintained on the basis of the larger height of the epitheca and the prevailing heterotrophic behaviour. This is still a matter of debate [details]
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LanguageName 
Japanese オキシフィシス属 [from synonym]  [details]
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