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WoRMS taxon details

Paramuricea Kölliker, 1865

125311  (



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  1. Species Paramuricea baetica Ocaña & Correa, 2022
  2. Species Paramuricea biscaya Grasshoff, 1977
  3. Species Paramuricea candida Grasshoff, 1977
  4. Species Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1827)
  5. Species Paramuricea cryptica Ocaña & Correa, 2022
  6. Species Paramuricea echinata Deichmann, 1936
  7. Species Paramuricea grandis Verrill, 1883
  8. Species Paramuricea grayi (Johnson, 1861)
  9. Species Paramuricea hawaiiensis Nutting, 1908
  10. Species Paramuricea hyalina Kükenthal, 1919
  11. Species Paramuricea indica Thomson & Henderson, 1906
  12. Species Paramuricea intermedia Kölliker, 1865
  13. Species Paramuricea johnsoni (Studer, 1878)
  14. Species Paramuricea laxa Wright & Studer, 1889
  15. Species Paramuricea macrospina (von Koch, 1882)
  16. Species Paramuricea multispina Deichmann, 1936
  17. Species Paramuricea placomus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  18. Species Paramuricea ramosa Wright & Studer, 1889
  19. Species Paramuricea robusta Thomson & Ritchie, 1906
  20. Species Paramuricea spinosa Kölliker, 1865
  21. Species Paramuricea tingitana Ocaña & Correa, 2022
  22. Species Paramuricea aequatorialis Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Muriceides aequatorialis (Wright & Studer, 1889) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  23. Species Paramuricea atlantica (Johnson, 1862) accepted as Spinimuricea atlantica (Johnson, 1862) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  24. Species Paramuricea borealis Verrill, 1878 accepted as Paramuricea placomus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  25. Species Paramuricea cancellata (Dana, 1846) accepted as Lissogorgia flabellum Verrill, 1864 accepted as Eubrandella flabellum (Verrill, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  26. Species Paramuricea chamaeleon (von Koch, 1887) accepted as Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1827) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, incorrect authority date)
  27. Species Paramuricea chamaeleon (von Koch, 1882) accepted as Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1827) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Paramuricea contorta W. Koch, 1886 accepted as Paramuricea grayi (Johnson, 1861) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  29. Species Paramuricea elegans Grieg, 1887 accepted as Paramuricea placomus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  30. Species Paramuricea gracilis Studer, 1878 accepted as Villogorgia gracilis (Studer, 1878) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  31. Species Paramuricea graciosa Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974 accepted as Placogorgia graciosa (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974) (original combination)
  32. Species Paramuricea hirsuta (Gray, 1857) accepted as Acanthogorgia hirsuta Gray, 1857 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  33. Species Paramuricea hirta (Pourtalès, 1868) accepted as Acanthogorgia hirta Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Muriceides hirta (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Paramuricea kükenthali Broch, 1912 accepted as Muriceides kuekenthali (Broch, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  35. Species Paramuricea nigrescens (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) accepted as Villogorgia nigrescens Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  36. Species Paramuricea procera Moroff, 1902 accepted as Acanthogorgia procera (Moroff, 1902) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  37. Species Paramuricea tenuis Verrill, 1883 accepted as Placogorgia tenuis (Verrill, 1883) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Kölliker, A., 1865. Icones histologicae oder Atlas der vergleichenden Gewebelehre. Zweiter Abtheilung. Der feinere Bau der höheren Thiere, 1. Die Bindesubstanz der Coelenteraten : 87-191., available online at
page(s): 136 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Paramuricea Kölliker, 1865. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-19
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2006-09-26 06:56:50Z
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
2018-03-26 20:51:19Z
2019-06-13 15:37:37Z
2022-11-06 01:15:04Z
2024-06-14 04:10:54Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Kölliker, A., 1865. Icones histologicae oder Atlas der vergleichenden Gewebelehre. Zweiter Abtheilung. Der feinere Bau der höheren Thiere, 1. Die Bindesubstanz der Coelenteraten : 87-191., available online at
page(s): 136 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M.; Stefani, J. (1987). New and previously known taxa of isidid octocorals (Coelenterata:Gorgonacea), partly from antarctic waters. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 100(4): 937-991.
page(s): 938 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 221 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1996). A new species of the Gorgonacean Genus Acanthogorgia (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from Aldabra Atoll. <em>Precious Corals & Octocoral Research.</em> 4-5: 1-16.
page(s): 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gass, S. E.; Willison, M. J. H. (2005). An assessment of the distribution of deep-sea corals in Atlantic Canada by using both scientific and local forms of knowledge. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 223-245
page(s): 223, 228, 229, 230, 233, 234, 239 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 237, 249 [details]   

additional source Grigg, R. W. & F.M. Bayer. (1976). Present knowledge of the systematics and zoogeography of the order Gorgonacea in Hawaii. <em>Pacific Science.</em> 30(2): 167-175.
page(s): 169 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams, G. C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Gorgonian octocorals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 101(8): 181-296, Fig. 1., available online at
page(s): 214 [details]   

additional source Weinberg, S. (1975). Contribution à la connaissance de Parerythropodium coralloides (Pallas, 1766) (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Beaufortia, 23(298): 53-73
page(s): 53 [details]   

additional source Wirshing, H. H.; Messing, C. G.; Douady, C. J.; Reed, J. K.; Stanhope, M. J. (2005). Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology, 147, 497-508
page(s): 507 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1994). A new species of the gorgonacean genus Muricea (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) from the Caribbean Sea. <em>Precious Corals and Octocoral Research.</em> 3, 23-27, plates 3-7.
page(s): 24 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Quattrini, A.M. (2022). Revisionary systematics of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) guided by phylogenomics. <em>Bulletin of the Society of Systematic Biologists.</em> 1(3), 8735, pp. 1-79., available online at
page(s): 60-62 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


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