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WoRMS taxon details

Syngnathidae Bonaparte, 1831

125606  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125606)

accepted
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  1. Subfamily Hippocampinae Bonaparte, 1835
    1. Genus Hippocampus Rafinesque, 1810
    2. Genus Hippocamphus accepted as Hippocampus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
  2. Genus Hippocampus Rafinesque, 1810
  3. Subfamily Syngnathinae Bonaparte, 1831
    1. Genus Acentronura Kaup, 1853
    2. Genus Amphelikturus Parr, 1930
    3. Genus Anarchopterus Hubbs, 1935
    4. Genus Apterygocampus Weber, 1913
    5. Genus Bhanotia Hora, 1926
    6. Genus Bryx Herald, 1940
    7. Genus Bulbonaricus Herald, 1953
    8. Genus Campichthys Whitley, 1931
    9. Genus Choeroichthys Kaup, 1856
    10. Genus Corythoichthys Kaup, 1853
    11. Genus Cosmocampus Dawson, 1979
    12. Genus Cylix Short & Trnski, 2021
    13. Genus Doryichthys Kaup, 1856
    14. Genus Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856
    15. Genus Dunckerocampus Whitley, 1933
    16. Genus Enneacampus Dawson, 1981
    17. Genus Entelurus Duméril, 1870
    18. Genus Festucalex Whitley, 1931
    19. Genus Filicampus Whitley, 1948
    20. Genus Halicampus Kaup, 1856
    21. Genus Haliichthys Gray, 1859
    22. Genus Heraldia Paxton, 1975
    23. Genus Hippichthys Bleeker, 1849
    24. Genus Histiogamphelus McCulloch, 1914
    25. Genus Hypselognathus Whitley, 1948
    26. Genus Ichthyocampus Kaup, 1853
    27. Genus Idiotropiscis Whitley, 1947
    28. Genus Kaupus Whitley, 1951
    29. Genus Kimblaeus Dawson, 1980
    30. Genus Kyonemichthys Gomon, 2007
    31. Genus Leptoichthys Kaup, 1853
    32. Genus Leptonotus Kaup, 1853
    33. Genus Lissocampus Waite & Hale, 1921
    34. Genus Lophocampus Dawson, 1984
    35. Genus Maroubra Whitley, 1948
    36. Genus Micrognathus Duncker, 1912
    37. Genus Microphis Kaup, 1853
    38. Genus Minyichthys Herald & Randall, 1972
    39. Genus Mitotichthys Whitley, 1948
    40. Genus Nannocampus Günther, 1870
    41. Genus Nerophis Rafinesque, 1810
    42. Genus Notiocampus Dawson, 1979
    43. Genus Penetopteryx Lunel, 1881
    44. Genus Phoxocampus Dawson, 1977
    45. Genus Phycodurus Gill, 1896
    46. Genus Phyllopteryx Swainson, 1839
    47. Genus Pseudophallus Herald, 1940
    48. Genus Pugnaso Whitley, 1948
    49. Genus Siokunichthys Herald, 1953
    50. Genus Solegnathus Swainson, 1839
    51. Genus Stigmatopora Kaup, 1853
    52. Genus Stipecampus Whitley, 1948
    53. Genus Syngnathoides Bleeker, 1851
    54. Genus Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758
    55. Genus Trachyrhamphus Kaup, 1853
    56. Genus Urocampus Günther, 1870
    57. Genus Vanacampus Whitley, 1951
    58. Genus Acanthognathus Duncker, 1912 accepted as Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856
    59. Genus Acmonotus Philippi, 1896 accepted as Leptonotus Kaup, 1853
    60. Genus Atelurus Duméril, 1870 accepted as Acentronura Kaup, 1853
    61. Genus Bombonia Herre, 1927 accepted as Hippichthys Bleeker, 1849
    62. Genus Coelonotus Peters, 1855 accepted as Microphis Kaup, 1853
    63. Genus Corithoichthys accepted as Corythoichthys Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
    64. Genus Corythiochthys accepted as Corythoichthys Kaup, 1853 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    65. Genus Corythoichutys accepted as Corythoichthys Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
    66. Genus Corythroichthys accepted as Corythoichthys Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
    67. Genus Dentirostrum Herald & Randall, 1972 accepted as Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856
    68. Genus Dooryichthys accepted as Doryichthys Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    69. Genus Dorichthys accepted as Doryichthys Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    70. Genus Doryhamphus accepted as Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    71. Genus Doryramphus accepted as Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856 (misspelling)
    72. Genus Dunckerocamphus accepted as Dunckerocampus Whitley, 1933 (misspelling)
    73. Genus Enchelyocampus Dawson & Allen, 1978 accepted as Bulbonaricus Herald, 1953
    74. Genus Gasterotokeus Heckel in Kaup, 1853 accepted as Syngnathoides Bleeker, 1851 (synonym)
    75. Genus Gastrotokeus accepted as Gasterotokeus Heckel in Kaup, 1853 accepted as Syngnathoides Bleeker, 1851 (misspelling)
    76. Genus Hemithylacus Kaup, 1856 accepted as Microphis Kaup, 1853
    77. Genus Hippicthys accepted as Hippichthys Bleeker, 1849 (misspelling)
    78. Genus Mannarichthys Dawson, 1977 accepted as Nannocampus Günther, 1870
    79. Genus Oostethus Hubbs, 1929 accepted as Microphis Kaup, 1853
    80. Genus Oxleyana Whitley, 1937 accepted as Hippichthys Bleeker, 1849
    81. Genus Parabelonichthys Fowler, 1943 accepted as Microphis Kaup, 1853
    82. Genus Paramicrophis Klausewitz, 1955 accepted as Microphis Kaup, 1853
    83. Genus Parasyngnathus Duncker, 1915 accepted as Hippichthys Bleeker, 1849
    84. Genus Penetopterix accepted as Penetopteryx Lunel, 1881 (misspelling)
    85. Genus Phanerotokeus Duncker, 1940 accepted as Halicampus Kaup, 1856
    86. Genus Phycodorus accepted as Phycodurus Gill, 1896 (misspelling)
    87. Genus Pristidoryrhamphus Fowler, 1944 accepted as Doryrhamphus Kaup, 1856
    88. Genus Schyphius accepted as Scyphius Risso, 1827 accepted as Nerophis Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
    89. Genus Scyphicus accepted as Scyphius Risso, 1827 accepted as Nerophis Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
    90. Genus Scyphius Risso, 1827 accepted as Nerophis Rafinesque, 1810
    91. Genus Siphonostoma Agassiz, 1846 accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
    92. Genus Siphostoma Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Synghnathus accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758
    93. Genus Solengnathus accepted as Solegnathus Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
    94. Genus Solenognathus accepted as Solegnathus Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
    95. Genus Stigmatophora accepted as Stigmatopora Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
    96. Genus Sygnathoides accepted as Syngnathoides Bleeker, 1851 (misspelling)
    97. Genus Sygnathus accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
    98. Genus Sygnatus accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    99. Genus Synghnathus accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
    100. Genus Syngnatus accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
    101. Genus Syphonostoma accepted as Siphonostoma Agassiz, 1846 accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
    102. Genus Tiphle Rafinesque, 1810 accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
    103. Genus Trachyramphus accepted as Trachyrhamphus Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
  4. Genus Syrictes Jordan & Evermann, 1927 accepted as Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758
  5. Genus Ypzia accepted as Yozia Jordan & Snyder, 1901 accepted as Trachyrhamphus Kaup, 1853 (misspelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description Mostly marine. Some in brackish and fresh water. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans (mostly in warm...  
Description Mostly marine. Some in brackish and fresh water. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans (mostly in warm temperate to tropical). A series of bony rings encloses elongate body. Dorsal fin single; soft rays usually 15-60. Very small anal fin. Anal rays usually 2-6. Pectoral fin rays usually 10-23. Adults of some species may lack dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins. Pelvic fins lacking. Some without caudal fin. Caudal peduncle may be prehensile. Very small gill openings. Branchiostegal rays 1-3. Basisphenoid and supracleithrum lacking. Kidney unpaired (right side) and lacking glomerulus. About 60 cm maximum length. Some very colorful. Usually limited to shallow water.  [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Syngnathidae Bonaparte, 1831. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125606 on 2024-06-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From other sources
Description Mostly marine. Some in brackish and fresh water. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans (mostly in warm temperate to tropical). A series of bony rings encloses elongate body. Dorsal fin single; soft rays usually 15-60. Very small anal fin. Anal rays usually 2-6. Pectoral fin rays usually 10-23. Adults of some species may lack dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins. Pelvic fins lacking. Some without caudal fin. Caudal peduncle may be prehensile. Very small gill openings. Branchiostegal rays 1-3. Basisphenoid and supracleithrum lacking. Kidney unpaired (right side) and lacking glomerulus. About 60 cm maximum length. Some very colorful. Usually limited to shallow water.  [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
English seadragonpipefishes and seahorses  [details]
German Seenadeln  [details]
Japanese ヨウジウオ科  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål nålefiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk nålefiskfamilien  [details]
Swedish kantnålfiskar  [details]
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