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WoRMS taxon details

Parorchis acanthus (Nicoll, 1906) Nicoll, 1907

158687  (

Cercaria purpurae Lebour, 1911 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cercaria sensifera Stunkard & Shaw, 1931 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Parorchis acanthus var. australis Angel, 1954 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Parorchis avitus Linton, 1914 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Zeugorchis acanthus Nicoll, 1906 · unaccepted > superseded combination


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marine, terrestrial
(of Zeugorchis acanthus Nicoll, 1906) Nicoll, W. (1906). Some new and little-known trematodes. <em>Annals & Magazine of Natural History.</em> 7 s. (102), 17: 513–527.
page(s): 519 [details]   
Type locality contained in United Kingdom part of the North Sea  
type locality contained in United Kingdom part of the North Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution geographic range not obtained; has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy  
Distribution geographic range not obtained; has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy [details]
WoRMS (2024). Parorchis acanthus (Nicoll, 1906) Nicoll, 1907. Accessed at: on 2024-07-17
2005-05-26 14:23:20Z
2008-04-29 08:01:31Z
2008-04-30 10:30:07Z
2013-07-19 06:06:42Z
2019-08-14 18:03:47Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Parorchis avitus Linton, 1914) Linton, E. (1914). Notes on a viviparous Distome. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 46: 551-555.
page(s): 551 [details]   

original description  (of Parorchis acanthus var. australis Angel, 1954) Angel, L. M. (1954). Parorchis acanthus var. australis, n. var., with an account of the life cycle in South Australia. <em>Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia.</em> 77: 164-174.
page(s): 164 [details]   

original description  (of Zeugorchis acanthus Nicoll, 1906) Nicoll, W. (1906). Some new and little-known trematodes. <em>Annals & Magazine of Natural History.</em> 7 s. (102), 17: 513–527.
page(s): 519 [details]   

original description  (of Cercaria sensifera Stunkard & Shaw, 1931) Stunkard, H. W.; Shaw, C. R. (1931). The effect of dilution of sea water on the activity and longevity of certain marine cercariae, with description of two new species. <em>Biological Bulletin.</em> 61 (2): 242–271., available online at
page(s): 265 [details]   

original description  (of Cercaria purpurae Lebour, 1911) Lebour, M. V. (1911). A review of the British marine cercariae. <em>Parasitology.</em> 4 (4): 416–456.
page(s): 446 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Tang, C. T. (1990). Philophthalmid larval trematodes from Hong Kong and the coast of south China. In: Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China (ed. Morton, B.). The Marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern china II, vol. 1, pp213-232. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

basis of record Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Johns, P.; Newman, L.J.; Holleman, J.J.; Dawson, E.W.; Sterrer, W.; Allison, F.R.; Diggles, B.K.; Andrews, J.R.H.; Hine, P.M.; McKenna, P.B.; Poulin, R. (2009). Phylum Platyhelminthes: flatworms, tapeworms, flukes, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 102-128. [details]   

additional source Ching, H. L. (1978). New marine hosts for Parorchis acanthus, Cryptocotyle lingua, Maritrema megametrios, and Maritrema gratiosum, trematodes of birds from British Columbia, Canada. <em>Canadian Journal of Zoology.</em> 56 (8): 1877–1879., available online at
page(s): 1877 [details]   

redescription Sonin, M. D. (1985). <em>Key to identification of trematodes of piscivorous birds of the Palaearctic (Brachylaimida, Clinostomida, Cyclocoelida, Fasciolida, Notocotylida, Plagiorchida, Schistosomatida).</em> Nauka, Moscow, 256 pp. (In Russian).
page(s): 134 [details]   

redescription Skrjabin, K. I. (1947). Family Philophthalmidae Travassos, 1918. <em>Osnovy Trematodologii.</em> 1:182–213. (In Russian, English translation, 1979, by Amerind Publishing Co.).
page(s): 204 [details]   

redescription Holliman, R. B. (1961). Larval trematodes from the Apalachee Bay area, Florida, with a checklist of known marine cercariae arranged in a key to their super-families. <em>Tulane Studies in Zoology.</em> 9: 1–74.
page(s): 28 [details]   

redescription Stunkard, H. W. (1970). The marine cercariae of the Woods Hole Massachusetts Region. <em>Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole.</em> 138: 66–76.
page(s): 74 [details]   

redescription Lebour, M. V. (1914). Some larval trematodes from Millport. <em>Parasitology.</em> 7 (1): 1–11.
page(s): 2 [details]   

redescription Nasir, P. (1976). Marine larval trematodes. I. Cercariae criollisimae: five new Venezuelan species and redescription of Parorchis acanthus (Nicoll, 1906) Nicoll, 1907. <em>Rivista di Parassitologia.</em> 37 (2-3): 287–302.
page(s): 297 [details]   

new combination reference Nicoll, W. (1907). Observations on the trematode parasites of British birds. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 7. s. (117), v. 20: 245–271.
page(s): 247 [details]   

identification resource Martin, W. E. (1972). An annotated key to the cercariae that develop in the snail Cerithidea californica. <em>Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences.</em> 71: 39–43.
page(s): 41 [details]   

biology source Ching, H. 1991. Lists of larval worms from marine invertebrates of the Pacific Coast of North America. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 58: 57-68.
page(s): 64 [details]   

biology source Lebour, M. V., Elmhirst, R. (1922). A contribution towards the life history of Parorchis acanthus Nicoll, a trematode in the herring gull. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 12 (4): 829–832.
page(s): 829 [details]   

biology source James, B. (1968). The occurrence of larval Digenea in ten species of intertidal prosobranch molluscs in Cardigan Bay. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 2 (3): 329–343., available online at
page(s): 334 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From other sources
Diet parasitic on host [details]

Distribution geographic range not obtained; has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy [details]

Habitat parasitic [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic [details]

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