Intro | Search taxa | Taxon tree | Sources | Webservice | Statistics | Editors | Log in

WoRMS taxon details

Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)

137092  (

Balaena allamack Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena atlanticus Hurdis, 1897 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena boops Fabricius, 1780 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena gibbosa Gray, 1843 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena lalandii Fischer, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena longimana Rudolphi, 1832 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781 · unaccepted (basionym)
Balaenoptera astrolabe Pucheran, 1843 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera australis Lesson, 1828 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera capensis A. Smith, 1834 · unaccepted (synonym)
Balaenoptera leucopteron Lesson, 1842 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera americana Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera antarctica Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera bellicosa Cope, 1871 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera brasiliensis True, 1904 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera braziliensis Cope, 1867 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera gigas Cope, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera indica Gervais, 1883 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera kusira Trouessart, 1904 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Megaptera lalandii Gray, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longimana Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longimana morei Gray, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera longipinna Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa Lahille, 1905 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera nodosa nodosa Tomilin, 1946 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera novaezelandiae Gray, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera osphya Mead & Brownell, 2005 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Megaptera osphyia Cope, 1865 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera poescop Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Megaptera versabilis Cope, 1869 · unaccepted (synonym)
Poescopia lalandii Gray, 1866 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rorqualus antarcticus F. Cuvier, 1836 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rorqualus australis Hamilton, 1837 · unaccepted (synonym)


  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae australis (Lesson, 1828) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
  2. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae kuzira (Gray, 1850) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
  3. Subspecies Megaptera novaeangliae novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) (unaccepted > nomen nudum, No holotype fixed)
marine, terrestrial
(of Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781) Borowski, G. H. (1781). Gemeinnüzzige Naturschichte des Tierreichs. <em>G. L. Lange, Berlin and Stralsund.</em> 2: 1-196., available online at
page(s): 21 [details]   
Note Coast of New England, U.S.A.  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Coast of New England, U.S.A. [details]
Distribution in all oceans  
Distribution in all oceans [details]

Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
Fordyce, E.; Perrin, W.F. (2024). World Cetacea Database. Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-07-17
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781) Borowski, G. H. (1781). Gemeinnüzzige Naturschichte des Tierreichs. <em>G. L. Lange, Berlin and Stralsund.</em> 2: 1-196., available online at
page(s): 21 [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Sterrer, W. (1986). Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda: a systematic guide to the identification of marine organisms. <em>Wiley-Interscience Publication. Wiley.</em> 742 pp (Nemertini part). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Clapham, P. J. and J. G. Mead. (1999). Megaptera novaeangliae. Mammalian Species 604:1--9. [details]   

additional source Stacey, P. J. and P. W. Arnold. (1999). Orcaella brevirostris. Mammalian Species 616:1--8. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Maio, N.; Maione, V.; Sgammato, R. (2016). First record of a Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) in the Tyrrhenian Sea (Cetacea Balaenopteridae). <em>Biodiversity Journal.</em> 7(1): 33-38. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at [details]   

ecology source Looby, A.; Erbe, C.; Bravo, S.; Cox, K.; Davies, H. L.; Di Iorio, L.; Jézéquel, Y.; Juanes, F.; Martin, C. W.; Mooney, T. A.; Radford, C.; Reynolds, L. K.; Rice, A. N.; Riera, A.; Rountree, R.; Spriel, B.; Stanley, J.; Vela, S.; Parsons, M. J. G. (2023). Global inventory of species categorized by known underwater sonifery. <em>Scientific Data.</em> 10(1). (look up in IMIS), available online at [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Diet herring (Clupea harengus), sand lance (Ammodytes sp.) and other small fish, invertebrates (euphausiids) [details]

Habitat Inshore on feeding and calving grounds, but high seas in transit between them. [details]

Holotype None in existence. Name based on the "baleine de la Nouvelle Angleterre" of Brisson (1756). [details]

IUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

IUCN Red List Category subpopulation Oceania humpback whale : Endangered (EN) [details]

IUCN Red List Category subpopulation Arabian Sea humpback whale : Endangered (EN) [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: colour in the northern hemisphere is dark with white belly and on flippers, but southern hemisphere whales have more white. Sensory knobs on head. Lifts tail when diving. Variably curved dorsal fin midback on a hump. "Knuckles" or bumps along tail stock of thin whales. Flippers may reach length of 4.5 m (15'). Individuals recognized by underside of flukes and body scars/markings.  [details]

Predators Killer whale tooth marks evident on adults; calves probably taken. [details]

Type locality Coast of New England, U.S.A. [details]

From other sources
Dimensions Length: male 36-57 1/2' (11-17.5 m), female 36-62 1/2' (11-19 m), at birth 15'+ (4.6 m+) [details]

Distribution in all oceans [details]

Distribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Reproduction Calving: January to March in Caribbean; Weaning: one year [details]

Afrikaans boggelwalvis  [details]
Aleut khi-tkhukkhalkhiamakaliamak  [details]
Catalan lubartabalena geperuda  [details]
Chukot kaipokak uiiut  [details]
Czech keporkak dlouhoplautvýkeporkak  [details]
Danish stubhvalpukkelhvalbuckelhval  [details]
Dutch langarmvinvischbultrug  [details]
English hunchback whalehunchhumpback whalehumpbunch whale  [details]
French rorqual noueuxrorqual keporkakrorqual du Capmégapterejubartebaleine tamponbaleine à taquetbaleine à bosse  [details]
German Pflockfischlanghaendige WalKnurrwalBuckelwal  [details]
Icelandic skeljungurhnufubakur  [details]
Indonesian paus bongkok  [details]
Italian megatterabalena gobba  [details]
Japanese ザトウクジラzato kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut keporkak  [details]
Korean hog-deung-gorae  [details]
Latvian valzius  [details]
Lithuanian kuprotasis banginis  [details]
Malagasy trozona be trafo  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μεγάπτερη φάλαιναΜεγάπτερη  [details]
Norwegian stor rorhvalknølhvalknölhval  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål knølhval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk knølkval  [details]
Polish pletwaldługopłetwiec  [details]
Portuguese jubartebaleia-corcundabaleia jubarte  [details]
Russian горбатый китveselyi kitgorbatyi kitgorbachdlinnorukyi polosatik  [details]
Slovenian kit grbavec  [details]
Southern Balochi abra  [details]
Spanish yubartarorqual jorobadojorobadajibartegubartaguabarteballena jorobadaballena de aletas grandesballena cantoraambaqui  [details]
Swahili (individual language) chongoe  [details]
Swedish puckelvalknölvalhnunfurbakur  [details]
Turkish kambur balina  [details]
Ukrainian Кит горбатийГорбачГорбатий китГорбань  [details]
Welsh morfil cefngrwm  [details]
Yupik languages kaipokakaghvesiiq  [details]
This service is powered by LifeWatch Belgium
Learn more»
Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2024-07-18 · contact: Anton Van de Putte